# AI Can Do Maths Now, and it's Wild

TLDRThe video discusses AlphaGeometry, an AI by DeepMind that tackles Olympiad-level geometry problems, surpassing human averages. While it marks a leap in AI reasoning, the speaker questions if it truly advances mathematical reasoning and its impact on mathematics. They dissect AlphaGeometry's solution process, comparing it to human problem-solving, and contemplate AI's role in future mathematical discovery, emphasizing the importance of beauty in mathematical proofs.

### Takeaways

- 💡 In 1997, Deep Blue defeated the highest-rated chess player, in 2011, Watson beat Jeopardy champions, and in 2016, AlphaGo bested a Go champion.
- 🤖 AlphaGeometry, developed by DeepMind, can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems, outperforming average human participants.
- 📈 AlphaGeometry combines a language model, similar to a specialized version of ChatGPT, and a symbolic deduction engine to solve problems.
- 🔍 The language model suggests steps like plotting midpoints or drawing diameters, while the deduction engine applies geometrical theorems.
- 🏆 AlphaGeometry solved a 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad problem in 40 steps, close to its average of 55 steps.
- 🔄 AlphaGeometry's approach involves iterating suggestions and deductions until the problem is solved, sometimes resulting in redundant steps.
- 📚 The video explains the process of AlphaGeometry solving an Olympiad problem, highlighting its logical but sometimes convoluted reasoning.
- 💬 Commentators compare AlphaGeometry's dual-system approach to a right brain generating ideas and a left brain analyzing them.
- 🚀 While AlphaGeometry's achievements are significant, the video argues that its problem-solving method resembles brute force rather than true reasoning.
- 🔮 The potential of AI in mathematics is explored, with the presenter suggesting that AI-assisted proofs might miss out on creative and elegant solutions.

### Q & A

### What significant milestones in AI development were mentioned in the video?

-The video mentions several significant milestones in AI development: Deep Blue defeating the highest-rated chess player in 1997, Watson winning against Jeopardy champions in 2011, and AlphaGo beating a human champion at the game Go in 2016.

### What is Alpha Geometry, and why is it significant?

-Alpha Geometry is an AI developed by DeepMind that can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems, often outperforming the average human participant. It represents a major advancement in AI reasoning and a potential step towards artificial general intelligence.

### How does Alpha Geometry solve geometry problems?

-Alpha Geometry uses two systems: a language model that suggests ideas like plotting points or drawing lines, and a symbolic deduction engine that applies geometric theorems and makes logical deductions based on the suggestions.

### What approach does Alpha Geometry take when solving problems?

-Alpha Geometry combines creativity and logical deduction, often trying multiple steps and making inferences until it solves the problem. Its process can be somewhat meandering and includes many redundant steps.

### What are some properties of triangles discussed in the video?

-The video covers the circumcircle (a unique circle passing through all three vertices of a triangle) and its circumcenter, the altitudes of a triangle (lines from each vertex perpendicular to the opposite side), and the orthocenter (the point where all three altitudes intersect).

### What was the Olympiad problem that Alpha Geometry solved in the video?

-Alpha Geometry solved a problem from the 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad, which involved proving that certain points on a triangle all lie on a circle.

### How did Alpha Geometry's solution differ from traditional proofs?

-Alpha Geometry's solution was longer and more convoluted, with many redundant steps. Traditional proofs often aim to be more concise and illuminating, clearly showing why the result holds.

### What are the implications of AI like Alpha Geometry for the future of mathematics?

-AI like Alpha Geometry could assist in solving problems, but there are concerns about whether it can produce proofs that are as insightful or beautiful as those created by humans. There is also a question of whether AI-assisted proofs will generate new theoretical insights or merely solve problems using existing knowledge.

### What criticisms does the video offer about AI-generated proofs?

-The video criticizes AI-generated proofs for often lacking elegance and insight. The concern is that AI might solve problems without contributing to the beauty and deeper understanding that human-generated proofs provide.

### What are the potential benefits and drawbacks of AI in solving mathematical problems?

-The potential benefits include solving problems more quickly and efficiently, especially those with immediate practical applications. The drawbacks include the risk of missing out on new theoretical developments and the cultural value of beautiful, human-created proofs.

### Outlines

### 🤖 AI's Advancement in Solving Olympiad-Level Geometry Problems

The video introduces Alpha Geometry, an AI developed by Deep Mind that can solve Olympiad-level geometry problems, outperforming the average human participant. The script discusses the significance of this AI in the context of AI reasoning and its potential impact on mathematics. It also critiques the lack of detailed coverage on Alpha Geometry's solutions, emphasizing the need to understand its problem-solving process. The video promises to delve into the AI's methodology and its implications in the field of mathematics.

### 📚 Dissecting Alpha Geometry's Problem-Solving Approach

This paragraph provides an in-depth look at how Alpha Geometry tackles geometry problems, using a combination of a language model and a symbolic deduction engine. It describes the AI's step-by-step process in solving a problem from the 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad, highlighting the systematic yet meandering approach it takes. The explanation covers the AI's method of generating ideas and making logical deductions, comparing it to human problem-solving strategies. The paragraph also touches on the potential of AI to revolutionize mathematics education and problem-solving.

### 🔍 A Closer Examination of Alpha Geometry's Solution to an Olympiad Problem

The script presents a detailed analysis of Alpha Geometry's solution to a specific Olympiad problem involving cyclic quadrilaterals and angles. It notes the AI's redundancy in restating deduced facts and compresses some steps for clarity. The summary walks through the AI's logical progression, from defining points and using geometric theorems to deducing angles and proving the cyclic nature of certain quadrilaterals. The paragraph also reflects on the AI's proof methodology, questioning whether it truly demonstrates reasoning or is simply following a complex algorithm.

### 🤔 Reflections on the Nature and Implications of AI in Mathematics

The script reflects on the broader implications of AI's role in mathematics, particularly in problem-solving. It questions whether Alpha Geometry's approach to solving geometry problems can be generalized to other fields and whether it represents a true leap in AI reasoning. The video maker, identifying as a mathematician, shares personal opinions on the potential of AI to discover new knowledge and verify solutions, while also expressing reservations about the lack of elegance and creativity in AI-generated proofs.

### 🎨 The Aesthetics of Mathematical Proofs and AI's Limitations

This paragraph delves into the concept of beauty in mathematics, contrasting the creative and aesthetic aspects of human-generated proofs with the more mechanical approach of AI like Alpha Geometry. It discusses the cultural and inspirational value of mathematical proofs and the potential loss if AI were to replace human mathematicians in discovering and proving new theorems. The script emphasizes the importance of the 'aha' moment in problem-solving and the unique joy that comes from resonating with logical poetry in mathematics.

### 🚀 The Future of AI in Mathematics and Its Cultural Impact

The final paragraph contemplates the future role of AI in mathematics, particularly in solving unsolved problems and the potential cultural impact of AI-generated proofs. It raises concerns about AI's ability to capture the beauty and creativity inherent in mathematical problem-solving and the risk of AI replacing human mathematicians, leading to a loss of cultural richness. The video concludes by acknowledging the achievements of Alpha Geometry while tempering excitement with a critical perspective on the current state and future of AI in mathematics.

### Mindmap

### Keywords

### 💡Deep Blue

### 💡Watson

### 💡AlphaGo

### 💡Alpha Geometry

### 💡Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

### 💡Language Model

### 💡Symbolic Deduction Engine

### 💡International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO)

### 💡Circumcircle

### 💡Orthocenter

### 💡Cyclic Quadrilateral

### 💡Proof

### 💡Beauty in Mathematics

### Highlights

AI has made significant strides in solving complex problems, as demonstrated by Alpha Geometry, an AI developed by DeepMind.

Alpha Geometry can solve Olympiad level geometry problems, outperforming the average human participant.

The AI uses a combination of a language model and a symbolic deduction engine to generate solutions.

The system suggests ideas and makes deductions based on geometrical theorems, working in tandem to solve problems.

Alpha Geometry's approach to problem-solving has been likened to the human brain's right and left brain functions.

The AI successfully solved a problem from the 2008 International Mathematical Olympiad in 40 steps.

The proof process involves a deep understanding of triangle properties, such as circumcircles and orthocenters.

Alpha Geometry's solution to the Olympiad problem is complex and involves numerous steps of logical deduction.

The AI's proof methodology is not always straightforward and can be seen as meandering.

Despite its success, the proof provided by Alpha Geometry may not always be the most elegant or illuminating.

The potential of AI in mathematics extends beyond problem-solving to the discovery of new synthetic theorems.

AI's role in mathematics raises questions about the future of problem-solving and the value of beauty in proofs.

The cultural impact of mathematics is tied to the human experience of discovering and proving results.

AI-generated proofs may lack the creative and aesthetic elements that are valued in mathematical proofs.

The development of AI in mathematics could lead to a reevaluation of what constitutes a 'beautiful' proof.

The video concludes with a call for a balanced view of AI's role in mathematics, acknowledging its potential alongside its limitations.