AI Music, simply explained (feat. Grimes and Spotify's CEO)

Cleo Abram
23 Oct 202314:24

TLDRThe transcript explores the rapidly evolving world of AI music, discussing its potential to revolutionize the music industry while raising concerns about the future of human musicians. AI music can create new songs, generate lyrics, and produce melodies in seconds, leading to debates on the impact on creativity and compensation for artists. The discussion features insights from artist Grimes and Spotify's CEO, touching on the nuances of AI music, including voice cloning and the use of AI as a tool. The conversation also addresses the legal and ethical questions surrounding AI music, such as copyright law and the definition of originality. As AI technology advances, the music industry faces the challenge of adapting to ensure fair compensation for creators while embracing the opportunities AI presents for artistic expression.


  • 🎵 AI music technology allows for the creation of songs in the style of famous artists, even though they never actually performed those songs.
  • 🚀 AI-generated music is rapidly evolving, enabling the creation of new songs, lyrics, and melodies quickly, which has significant implications for the music industry.
  • 🤔 There is a debate about whether AI's role in music will diminish human creativity or enhance it by reducing the technical skill required to produce music.
  • 📈 The potential of AI in music could help to bridge the gap between the perfect idea in one's mind and the realistic outcome achievable with current tools.
  • 🧐 AI is seen by some as just another tool, similar to the computer was for artists like Avicii, which can empower artists to express themselves more fully.
  • 🎤 Artists have differing opinions on the use of AI in music creation, some are concerned about the impact on human creativity, while others embrace the technology.
  • 💬 Grimes, a pioneering artist, supports the use of AI for voice cloning and has released a tool that allows users to sing in her voice.
  • 💰 The music industry is grappling with how to compensate artists in an AI-driven world, considering the traditional rules around inspiration and copying.
  • 📉 There are concerns that AI could lead to an over-saturation of music, which might devalue the work of human musicians.
  • 🤝 Grimes plans to release an album alongside an AI-made album using her voice, raising questions about the future of artistry and collaboration.
  • 📚 The legal and ethical considerations around AI in music are complex, with ongoing lawsuits and debates about copyright, ownership, and the definition of creativity.

Q & A

  • What is the main topic discussed in the transcript?

    -The main topic discussed in the transcript is the impact of AI on the music industry, including AI-generated music, voice cloning, and the potential consequences for musicians and the industry as a whole.

  • How does AI music creation work?

    -AI music creation involves using artificial intelligence to generate lyrics, melodies, and even entire songs. This can be done by typing in a few words, using AI voice clones, or training AI on existing music to create new compositions.

  • What are the potential risks associated with AI music?

    -The potential risks include the undermining of human musicians' ability to make money and create art, as well as the possibility of violating copyright laws and leading to legal battles over ownership and compensation.

  • How does Grimes feel about AI music and voice cloning?

    -Grimes is excited about the possibilities of AI music and voice cloning. She has even released a tool called Elf Tech that allows anyone to change their voice into hers and has plans to release an AI album made by others using her voice.

  • What are the current rules in the music industry regarding compensation for artists?

    -The music industry has established rules for compensation based on how an artist's work is used, such as sampling, interpolation, and covering. Artists are paid when their work is directly copied or used in a way that is recognizable and requires permission.

  • What is the controversy surrounding AI training on existing music?

    -The controversy lies in whether using an artist's music to train an AI system constitutes inspiration or copying. If the AI generates music that sounds similar to the original, it raises questions about whether the artist should be compensated for the AI's use of their work.

  • How does the music industry currently define 'inspiration' versus 'copying'?

    -The industry typically defines 'inspiration' as being influenced by someone's work without directly copying it, which does not require payment. 'Copying' involves using parts of a song or composition in a way that is recognizable and requires payment to the original artist.

  • What is the role of Spotify's CEO in the discussion about AI music?

    -The CEO of Spotify is involved in the discussion as he provides insight into how the platform views AI-generated music and the importance of ensuring that the output is original intellectual property and not confusingly similar to existing works.

  • What are the potential benefits of AI in music creation?

    -AI can help bridge the gap between the idea in a person's head and what they can realistically create, allowing for greater expression of creativity without the need for high technical skill. It can also enable more people to discover and develop their musical talents.

  • How does the transcript address the issue of consent and the use of artists' voices in AI?

    -The transcript discusses the importance of consent, emphasizing that while some artists like Grimes are open to the use of their voice in AI, others are not comfortable with it. It suggests that artists should have the right to decide whether their voice and likeness can be used in AI applications.

  • What are the challenges faced by the music industry as AI music becomes more prevalent?

    -Challenges include determining how to compensate artists when AI is used in music creation, navigating copyright laws, and addressing ethical concerns about the use of artists' voices and likenesses without their consent.



🎵 AI's Impact on Music Creation and Industry

The paragraph discusses the advent of AI in music, highlighting how it can clone voices of famous artists to sing different songs. It emphasizes the rapid advancements in AI music, which can generate lyrics and melodies swiftly. The background song in the video is an example of AI-generated music. The potential impact of AI on the music industry is explored, with concerns about the future of human musicians and the importance of navigating the changes correctly to preserve artistry and income. The narrative involves reaching out to Grimes and the CEO of Spotify to understand the ongoing changes in the music industry due to AI.


🤝 AI Music and Artistic Collaborations

This section delves into the concept of AI-generated music and its implications for artists. It raises the question of consent and copyright in the context of voice cloning and AI collaborations. The artist Grimes is highlighted for her unique perspective on AI music, where she is set to release an album alongside an AI-made version by others. The paragraph also touches on the ethical considerations of using AI in music, including the potential for spam and data privacy concerns, and the role of services like Incogni in protecting personal information.


💰 Payment and Copyright in the AI Music Era

The focus of this paragraph is on the financial and legal aspects of AI-generated music. It outlines the existing rules in the music industry regarding payment and copyright, and how these might apply to AI music. The distinction between inspiration and copying is examined, with examples of how artists have paid for sampling or interpolating others' work. The unique challenge AI presents is determining whether training an AI on an artist's music constitutes inspiration or copying. The potential for autonomous AI to create vast quantities of music raises questions about ownership and the nature of creativity. The paragraph concludes with a reflection on the value of music as a form of human expression and the hope that AI can be a tool to enhance, rather than diminish, this expression.



💡AI Music

AI Music refers to the use of artificial intelligence to create, collaborate, or generate music. It's a rapidly evolving field where AI can help in composing melodies, generating lyrics, or even cloning voices of famous artists. In the video, AI music is portrayed as both a tool for enhancing human creativity and a potential disruptor to the traditional music industry.

💡Voice Cloning

Voice cloning is a technology that replicates the unique vocal characteristics of a person, allowing AI to mimic their voice. In the context of the video, it's used to demonstrate how AI can imitate artists like Frank Sinatra or Johnny Cash singing modern songs, which raises questions about authenticity and copyright.

💡AI Generated Music

AI Generated Music is music that is composed or produced by artificial intelligence without direct human intervention. The script mentions that AI can create new songs by typing in a few words, which showcases the potential of AI to revolutionize music creation and the concerns it raises about the future of human musicians.

💡Music Industry

The Music Industry encompasses the businesses involved in the production and sale of music. The video discusses how AI music could disrupt this industry, particularly concerning how musicians make money and create art. It also touches on the potential legal battles that might arise from the use of AI in music.

💡Copyright Law

Copyright Law is a legal framework that protects the rights of creators over their original works. In the video, it's highlighted as a critical issue in the context of AI music, as it raises questions about who owns the rights to AI-generated music and how artists should be compensated for their work used to train AI systems.


Sampling in music is the act of reusing a portion or a snippet from an existing recording in a new piece of music. The video explains that artists like Doja Cat pay for the rights to sample a song, and this practice is contrasted with AI music creation, where the source material's use is more about inspiration than direct copying.

💡Inspiration vs. Copying

The distinction between being inspired by someone's work and directly copying it is a central theme in the video. It's a legal and ethical dilemma in the music industry, especially with AI music, as it's unclear whether AI training on an artist's work constitutes inspiration or infringement.


Grimes is a musician who is featured in the video discussing her perspective on AI music. She is particularly interested in voice cloning and has released a tool called Elf Tech that allows users to change their voice into hers, showcasing her embrace of AI technology in music creation.

💡Spotify's CEO

The CEO of Spotify is another key figure in the video who helps explain the current state and future of AI music. His insights are crucial as Spotify is a major platform for music distribution, and the integration of AI-generated music on such platforms raises questions about discovery, royalties, and the value of music.

💡Human Creativity

Human Creativity is the ability to create or invent something that is new and original. The video discusses how AI can potentially enhance human creativity by reducing the technical skill required to express musical ideas, thus allowing more people to create music that might have been locked inside their minds.

💡Artist Compensation

Artist Compensation refers to how musicians are paid for their work. The video raises concerns about how AI music might affect this, especially when AI uses an artist's work to generate new compositions. It's a complex issue that involves the ethical and legal aspects of recognizing and rewarding human effort in the creation of music.


AI voice cloning technology allows for the creation of songs that sound as if they were sung by famous artists, even if they never actually sang those songs.

AI music is not just about voice cloning; it enables the creation of entirely new songs, lyrics, and melodies in seconds.

AI's impact on music is seen as a turning point in history, with high stakes for how musicians make money and create art.

The potential of AI in music is to help bridge the gap between the idea in one's head and the final creative output.

AI is considered a powerful new tool for artists, similar to how the computer was for musicians like Avicii.

AI-generated music raises questions about artist consent and the use of their voice and likeness.

Grimes has released a tool called Elf Tech, which allows anyone to change their voice into hers, and is open to the idea of AI collaborations.

The music industry's rules on inspiration versus copying are being tested by AI, which learns from vast datasets to create new works.

AI music raises legal questions about copyright law and compensation for artists when AI is used in the creative process.

Spotify's CEO discusses the importance of the output of AI training being a new intellectual property, rather than something confusingly similar to existing works.

The debate over AI in music includes existential questions about the nature of human expression and the role of AI as a tool or creator.

AI has the potential to unlock musical creativity in people who may not have believed they had a talent for music.

The music industry is grappling with how to compensate artists in a world where AI is generating new music.

Grimes is planning to release an album alongside an AI-made album by others using her voice, posing questions about performance and authenticity.

Data brokers and the issue of personal information privacy are indirectly mentioned, highlighting the broader context of digital ethics.

The episode explores the complex and controversial nature of AI in music, emphasizing the need for ongoing debate and potential legal reform.

The host expresses gratitude for the support that allows for in-depth interviews and exploration of complex topics like AI in music.