Civitai Beginners Guide To AI Art // #5 Prompting Principles // ft. Pookienumnums

16 May 202414:34

TLDRIn this fifth installment of the Citia Beginners Guide to AI Art, community member and AI art veteran Pookynumnums shares fundamental principles of prompting for AI image generation. The guide clarifies misconceptions about AI's image creation process, distinguishing it from a collage of existing artworks to a pattern recognition library formed through training on billions of images. Pookynumnums explains the importance of prompt structure, the difference between 'flip' and 'waiu diffusion' captioning styles, and how to effectively use positive and negative prompts to guide AI in generating desired images. The tutorial also touches on the impact of sampling methods, CFG settings, and seed selection on the final artwork, encouraging experimentation to find one's unique art style.


  • 😀 Prompting is the process of giving instructions to AI to generate images based on desired patterns.
  • 🔍 A prompt is a set of tokens or keywords that the AI uses to identify and create patterns in the image generation process.
  • 🎨 AI models are trained on vast datasets of images and their corresponding captions, learning to associate words with visual patterns.
  • 🤖 Contrary to a common misconception, AI does not compile existing artworks but starts with noise and refines it into a coherent image based on the prompt.
  • 📚 Understanding the 'latent space' concept helps in visualizing how AI organizes and uses data, akin to a three-dimensional map of interconnected patterns.
  • 📝 There are two major prompting styles: 'flip' using full sentences and 'waiu diffusion' using comma-separated tokens, with different styles suited for different AI models.
  • 🛠️ Prompt construction involves positive and negative prompts, with the former specifying desired elements and the latter indicating what to avoid.
  • 🔄 The order of elements in a prompt matters, with earlier elements being more influential than those at the end.
  • 🔧 Experimenting with different models, sampling methods, CFG (which controls adherence to the prompt), and sampling steps can significantly alter the outcome of image generation.
  • 🌱 A random seed generates new images each time, while a fixed seed allows for refining a particular image by adjusting other parameters.
  • 🌟 The video encourages viewers to explore and develop their own art style using AI, emphasizing the importance of understanding the basics to build a strong foundation.

Q & A

  • What is the main focus of the 'Civitai Beginners Guide To AI Art' series?

    -The series focuses on teaching the principles of AI art creation, including the art of prompting AI to generate desired images.

  • Who is Pookynumnums and what is their role in the video?

    -Pookynumnums is a member of the Civitai Community and an AI art veteran with 3 years of experience in AI image generation. They explain the principles of prompting in the video.

  • What is a 'prompt' in the context of AI art generation?

    -A prompt is the input given to the AI, which it uses to generate an image. It consists of tokens or keywords that the AI interprets to create the desired image.

  • How does AI interpret the tokens in a prompt to create an image?

    -The AI does not compile existing images; instead, it starts with noise and gradually removes it to reveal patterns that match the words in the prompt, based on its training with millions of images and their captions.

  • What are the two major prompting styles mentioned in the script?

    -The two major prompting styles are 'flip', which uses natural language captions, and 'waiu diffusion', which uses tokens separated by commas to describe images.

  • What is the significance of 'Laten space' in AI image generation?

    -Laten space is a conceptual model that represents the AI's internal data storage and pattern recognition system. It helps visualize how the AI associates words with image patterns.

  • How should one structure their prompts for AI image generation?

    -A prompt should include what you want to see, how it should look or what it's doing, and the desired quality. It's important to keep the prompt concise and adjust it incrementally to see how changes affect the outcome.

  • What is the purpose of negative prompts in AI image generation?

    -Negative prompts instruct the AI on what not to include in the image, helping to refine the generated image by excluding unwanted elements.

  • How can emphasis be added to certain parts of a prompt to influence the AI's focus?

    -Emphasis can be added by placing certain tokens in parentheses and, if needed, adjusting the emphasis with a value between 0 and 2 after a colon.

  • What factors should be considered when selecting an AI model for image generation?

    -Factors include the style of the desired image, such as illustrative, anime, or realistic, and the AI model's training on specific types of images or styles.

  • What are some additional parameters that can be adjusted to improve AI image generation outcomes?

    -Parameters like sampling method, CFG (which controls adherence to the prompt), sampling steps (which affects refinement time), and seed (which determines the starting point of image generation) can be adjusted for better results.



🎨 Introduction to AI Art Prompting

This paragraph introduces part five of a series on AI art, focusing on the principles of prompting. Pooky num Noms, an AI art veteran and community member, explains the concept of prompting and its underlying values. The tutorial aims to teach how to construct prompts effectively, applicable across different AI art software. Pooky shares his expertise, developed over three years, and clarifies misconceptions about AI image generation. The AI doesn't compile existing images but starts with noise and refines it based on prompt patterns learned from training. The explanation includes the basic structure of a prompt and the distinction between two major prompting styles, setting the stage for deeper understanding.


📜 Understanding Prompting and Latent Space

The second paragraph delves into the structure of prompts and the concept of latent space. Prompts are broken down into positive and negative aspects, with examples given to illustrate how changes in prompts can alter the resulting AI-generated images. The latent space is likened to a three-dimensional map where tokens prompt vibrations across related patterns. The paragraph also discusses the importance of model selection and the impact of different prompting styles on AI image generation. It provides guidance on constructing effective prompts by emphasizing key elements and adjusting the prompt's structure for better results.


🔧 Fine-Tuning AI Art Generation

In the final paragraph, the focus shifts to fine-tuning the AI art generation process. It discusses the importance of the order of elements in a prompt, with the beginning considered most crucial and the end least. The paragraph provides advice on selecting the right model for the desired style and encourages experimentation with different models. Additionally, it covers technical aspects such as sampling methods, CFG (which affects adherence to the prompt), sampling steps (which influence refinement time and outcome), and the use of seeds for generating unique images. The paragraph concludes with encouragement to explore and develop personal art styles using the foundational principles discussed.



💡Prompting Principles

Prompting Principles refer to the fundamental guidelines and strategies for effectively communicating with AI to generate desired images. In the video, Pookynumnums explains these principles to help viewers understand how to construct prompts that guide AI in creating art. The concept is central to the video's theme, which is to educate beginners on how to use AI for art creation.

💡AI Art

AI Art is a form of artistic creation that employs artificial intelligence algorithms to generate images or visual content. The video is a guide for beginners in the realm of AI art, focusing on the process of prompting AI to produce specific images, which is a key aspect of creating AI art.


In the context of AI art, tokens are the individual elements or descriptors within a prompt that the AI uses to recognize and generate patterns in an image. For example, 'man', 'coffee shop', and 'high quality' are all tokens that the AI interprets to create a coherent image, as explained by Pookynumnums.

💡Pattern Recognition

Pattern Recognition is the AI's ability to associate words from captions with visual patterns in images. This is a crucial concept in AI art generation, as the AI uses this skill to understand and produce the images described in prompts. The video explains how the AI is trained on billions of images with captions to develop this ability.

💡Latent Space

Latent Space is a theoretical construct that represents the internal data structure of the AI model, where patterns associated with specific tokens are stored. Pookynumnums uses the analogy of a spider web to describe how closely related prompts will have stronger connections in this space, affecting the AI's image generation process.

💡Positive and Negative Prompts

Positive prompts are instructions to the AI about what the user wants to see in the image, while negative prompts tell the AI what to avoid. The video demonstrates how adjusting these prompts can refine the AI's output, such as removing a green background by adding 'green background' to the negative prompt.

💡Style Modifiers

Style Modifiers are terms in a prompt that specify the artistic style or aesthetic the user wants the AI to apply to the image. In the script, 'Street Fighter' is used as a style modifier to give the cartoon girl a specific visual theme, illustrating the use of style in AI art prompts.

💡Quality Modifiers

Quality Modifiers are descriptors that define the quality or resolution of the image the user desires. The video mentions 'high quality' and 'high resolution' as examples of quality modifiers that guide the AI in generating images with a specific level of detail and clarity.


CFG, or 'Condition for Generation', is a parameter that determines how strictly the AI adheres to the prompt. A lower CFG allows for more flexibility, while a higher value makes the AI more focused on the prompt's literal interpretation. The video suggests starting with a CFG between 7 and 10 for a balanced result.

💡Sampling Steps

Sampling Steps refer to the number of iterations the AI goes through to refine the image. The video explains that more steps allow for a more refined image but also increase the rendering time. It suggests experimenting with different values to find the optimal balance for a particular art style.


The Seed is the starting point for the AI's image generation process. A random seed generates a unique image each time, while a fixed seed allows the user to refine a particular image by adjusting other parameters. The video advises using a random seed for initial exploration and switching to a fixed seed for detailed refinement.


Introduction to the principles of prompting in AI art with Pookynumnums.

Pookynumnums is an AI art veteran and community member sharing custom models.

A prompt is essentially what you tell the AI to visualize.

AI models are not collages of existing art but generate images from patterns learned during training.

The AI associates words in captions with patterns in images through training.

Two major prompting styles: flip-in and waiu diffusion style.

Laten space is a conceptual tool to understand how AI stores and uses data.

Positive and negative prompts guide the AI to include or exclude certain elements.

Parentheses in prompts can emphasize certain aspects for the AI.

The order of elements in a prompt affects their importance in the resulting image.

Choosing the right model is crucial for the desired style of AI art.

Experimentation with different models can lead to unexpected and favorable results.

Sampling method affects the outcome of AI-generated images.

CFG (Control Flow Guidance) adjusts how strictly the AI adheres to the prompt.

Sampling steps determine the refinement time for the AI to generate the image.

The seed value influences the starting point of the AI image generation.

Using a fixed seed allows for refining a particular image style.

Encouragement to explore and develop personal AI art styles.