Mo Gawdat: The Dangers Of AI And How We Can Save Our Future

Mo Gawdat
20 May 202423:01

TLDRMo Gawdat discusses the rapid advancement of AI and its implications for the future. He emphasizes that AI is not just hype, but a significant development that should have been the focus since 2016. Gawdat predicts AGI by 2027 and highlights the potential for AI to be a billion times smarter than humans by 2037. He addresses concerns about AI's impact on jobs, truth, and human relationships, advocating for ethical AI development and the importance of human values in shaping its future use. Gawdat also stresses the need for humanity to adapt, focusing on emotional intelligence and human connection as key assets in the age of AI.


  • 🧠 Mo Gawdat believes that AI has been a significant topic since 2016, especially after AlphaGo's victory, and that the hype around AI is justified.
  • 🌐 He refers to 2023 as the 'Netscape moment' for AI, with the release of Chat GPT providing an accessible interface to AI's capabilities.
  • 📈 Mo predicts that by 2024, AI will have made significant advancements in deep reasoning and complex mathematics, continuing to grow exponentially.
  • 🔮 Gawdat forecasts that AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) could be achieved by 2027, and AI might surpass human intelligence by 2037.
  • 💡 He emphasizes that the transition period of AI becoming a superpower and humans being taken out of the equation is concerning and needs careful management.
  • 🕊️ Mo is optimistic about the long-term future with AI creating a world of abundance, but warns of the challenges and 'growing pains' we will face before reaching that point.
  • 👥 The speaker is worried about AI being used to serve capitalism, potentially leading to spying, gambling, selling, and killing as the main uses of AI technology.
  • 🚨 One of the immediate challenges Mo identifies is the 'end of truth', where deep fakes and AI-generated content could disrupt our perception of reality.
  • 💼 Gawdat discusses the impact of AI on jobs, suggesting that many current roles, especially in coding, will be automated, leading to a need for reskilling and finding new purpose.
  • 🌐 He highlights the concentration of power with those who own the AI platforms and the democratization of power as individuals can harness simple technologies to significant effect.
  • 🛡️ Mo stresses the importance of teaching machines ethical frameworks and ensuring that human behavior models fairness and ethical treatment for machines to learn from.

Q & A

  • What does Mo Gawdat believe should have been the focus of discussions since 2016?

    -Mo Gawdat believes that people should have been talking about AI and nothing else since 2016, especially after AlphaGo won the world championship of Go at Google DeepMind.

  • Why did Mo Gawdat leave Google in 2018?

    -The transcript does not provide a specific reason for Mo Gawdat leaving Google in 2018, but it mentions that he released his first AI video which went viral and wrote his first AI book, 'Scary Smart', in 2021.

  • What does Mo Gawdat refer to as the 'Netscape moment' for AI?

    -Mo Gawdat refers to the release of CH GPT in 2023 as the 'Netscape moment' for AI, comparing it to when Netscape came out as a browser and opened the view to the internet.

  • What is Mo Gawdat's revised prediction for when AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) will be achieved?

    -Mo Gawdat has revised his prediction and now believes that AGI will be achieved no later than 2027.

  • According to Mo Gawdat, what are the four main uses of AI that are concerning?

    -Mo Gawdat is concerned about AI being used for spying, gambling, selling, and killing, which he sees as the four main uses that could potentially be problematic.

  • What does Mo Gawdat envision for the future regarding the abundance created by AI?

    -Mo Gawdat envisions a future where AI creates a world of abundance, solving all human problems, such as being able to rearrange molecules to create a garden with both apples and iPhones.

  • What challenges does Mo Gawdat foresee in the short term with the rise of AI?

    -Mo Gawdat foresees challenges such as the end of truth with deep fakes becoming indistinguishable from reality, changes in human relationships, job displacement, and the need for reskilling.

  • How does Mo Gawdat suggest humans should adapt to the rise of AI in the workplace?

    -Mo Gawdat suggests that humans should focus on their humanity and emotional intelligence, as these aspects cannot be easily replicated by AI. He advises leveraging AI to perform tasks while humans focus on creative and emotionally connected roles.

  • What does Mo Gawdat consider the 'fourth inevitable' in the context of AI?

    -The 'fourth inevitable' according to Mo Gawdat is the realization that as intelligence increases, so does the tendency to be pro-life, leading to a more responsible and abundant world.

  • How does Mo Gawdat view the dichotomy between concentration and democratization of power in the age of AI?

    -Mo Gawdat views the dichotomy as a significant challenge, where the concentration of power with platform owners will increase, while the democratization of power allows individuals to access and use AI in ways that can challenge those in power.

  • What is Mo Gawdat's advice on how to ensure AI learns ethical behavior?

    -Mo Gawdat advises that humans should behave ethically and fairly, as AI learns from observing human behavior. He emphasizes the importance of treating others as we wish to be treated, which is a core ethical principle.



🧠 The AI Hype Cycle and the Arrival of AGI

Mo Gatta discusses the misconception of AI as a hype and argues that the world should have been paying attention to AI since 2016, especially after AlphaGo's victory. He emphasizes that his 2018 departure from Google and his viral AI video and book 'Scary Smart' in 2021 were met with disinterest, until the emergence of CH GPT in 2023. Mo refers to 2023 as the 'Netscape moment' for AI, drawing a parallel to how Netscape opened the internet to the public. He predicts significant advancements in AI, including solutions for deep reasoning and complex mathematics, and suggests that even without new breakthroughs, AI will grow exponentially. Mo revises his timeline for AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) to be no later than 2027 and expresses excitement for AI's potential rather than fear of the Singularity.


🚀 The Transition to AGI and Its Societal Impacts

Mo Gatta envisions a future where loosely coupled AI systems will lead to the emergence of AGI capable of prompting other specialized AIs. He predicts that AI could become a billion times smarter by 2037, which he sees as a point of no return for humanity. Mo expresses concern about the transitional phase where AI becomes a superpower before humans are removed from the equation. He anticipates AI being used to serve capitalism, leading to ethical dilemmas and challenges with human value sets. Mo also discusses the potential for AI to create a world of abundance, solving human problems, but warns of the dystopian risks if AI is misused for spying, gambling, selling, and killing.


🌐 The Challenges and Future of AI-Driven Society

Mo Gatta delves into the challenges posed by AI, such as the 'end of truth' due to the proliferation of deep fakes and the impact on human relationships and perceptions of beauty. He highlights the potential increase in loneliness and the significant job displacement as AI becomes more proficient, especially in coding and other high-demand fields. Mo also addresses the historical pattern of job displacement during industrial revolutions and the need for humans to adapt by developing new skills. He emphasizes the importance of human connection and emotion as assets in the future workplace, suggesting that jobs relying on human interaction will persist.


🛠 The Power Dynamics in the Age of AI

Mo Gatta explores the concentration and democratization of power in the context of AI. He draws parallels between historical revolutions and the current AI landscape, where those who own the platforms and intelligence accumulate wealth and power. Mo points out the dichotomy between the concentration of power and the democratization of power, exemplified by how accessible technologies like drones can be used by individuals or groups to resist more powerful entities. He warns of increased control and surveillance as a consequence of these power dynamics and calls for action to shape AI's impact on society.


🌱 Ethical Frameworks and the Humanization of AI

Mo Gatta stresses the importance of teaching machines ethical frameworks and ensuring that AI learns from observing fair treatment of humans. He argues that our behavior towards each other influences how AI will treat us in the future. Mo encourages a shift towards ethical behavior to guide AI development and break the cycle of reinforcement seen in social media algorithms. He concludes by emphasizing the need for machines to be conscious, emotional, and ethical, and for humans to remember and embody the values we wish to instill in AI.




AI, or Artificial Intelligence, refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. In the video, Mo Gawdat discusses the rapid advancement of AI, highlighting its exponential growth and potential impact on society. He mentions AI's current capabilities, such as the IQ level of Chat GPT 4.5 being comparable to human geniuses like Elon Musk and Einstein, and predicts further breakthroughs in reasoning and complex mathematics.

💡Hype Cycle

The Hype Cycle is a graphical representation of the maturity and adoption of technologies, products, or ideas, typically moving from 'Innovation Trigger' to 'Peak of Inflated Expectations' and eventually to 'Plateau of Productivity'. Mo Gawdat argues that the term 'hype' might not be appropriate for AI, suggesting that the focus on AI is not excessive but rather overdue since significant milestones like AlphaGo's victory have been achieved.


AlphaGo is a computer program developed by DeepMind that plays the board game Go. It is significant because it defeated a world champion Go player, marking a milestone in AI capabilities. In the script, Mo Gawdat points to AlphaGo's victory as a moment when the world should have started paying more attention to AI's potential.

💡General Intelligence

General Intelligence, or AGI, refers to a machine's ability to understand, learn, and apply knowledge across a wide range of tasks, similar to human intelligence. Mo Gawdat predicts that by 2029, machine intelligence will break out of specific tasks and achieve general intelligence, potentially leading to machines smarter than humans by 2049.


The Singularity is a hypothetical point in the future when technological growth becomes uncontrollable and irreversible, resulting in unforeseeable changes to human civilization. Gawdat discusses the Singularity, suggesting that AI could become a billion times smarter than the smartest human by 2037, and expresses his lack of fear regarding this event, instead focusing on the transition period and its challenges.


Deepfakes are AI-generated synthetic media in which a person's likeness is replaced with another's, creating realistic but false representations. Mo Gawdat warns about the 'end of truth' due to the proliferation of deepfakes, which can disrupt the perception of reality and pose a threat to human relationships and societal trust.

💡Concentration of Power

Concentration of Power refers to the accumulation and centralization of authority or resources in the hands of a few. Gawdat explains that in the age of AI, those who own the intelligence platforms will gain significant power, similar to how landlords and factory owners profited from previous industrial revolutions.

💡Democratization of Power

Democratization of Power is the dispersion of authority and resources more evenly across a society. Gawdat mentions the example of Ukrainian forces using accessible drones to resist a larger military force, illustrating how AI technology can empower individuals and smaller entities.


Ethics are moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior. In the context of AI, ethics become crucial as Mo Gawdat emphasizes the need to teach machines an ethical framework to guide their actions. He suggests that machines will learn from observing human behavior, and thus, humans must embody ethical conduct for AI to learn and mimic.


Humanity refers to the human race or the collective characteristics that define it. Gawdat posits that in an AI-dominated future, the value of human connection and the ability to interact on a human level will become increasingly important, as these qualities cannot be replicated by machines.


Reskilling is the process of acquiring new skills to adapt to changing job requirements or labor market demands. Gawdat discusses the challenges of job displacement due to AI advancements and the necessity for individuals to reskill to find new employment opportunities.


AI should have been a major topic of discussion since 2016, especially after AlphaGo's victory.

Mo Gawdat's first AI video in 2018 received 18 million views, indicating growing interest.

Mo's book 'Scary Smart' was published in 2021, highlighting AI's potential dangers and benefits.

Chat GPT 4.5 has an IQ of 155, comparable to Einstein's, demonstrating AI's rapid cognitive development.

AI has a memory capacity that exceeds all of humanity's history, a significant milestone.

Mo predicts AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) could be achieved by 2027, earlier than commonly thought.

AI's development might lead to machines being a billion times smarter than humans by 2037.

Mo is not worried about the singularity; he is more concerned about the transition period to AI superpower.

AI will likely be used to serve capitalism, potentially leading to ethical dilemmas.

Mo envisions a future where AI creates a world of abundance, solving human problems.

The rise of AI could lead to the end of truth, as deep fakes become indistinguishable from reality.

Human relationships may be disrupted by AI, with deep fakes influencing perceptions of beauty and interaction.

AI's impact on jobs is significant, with 60% of GitHub's code already being written by machines.

Mo suggests that emotional connection will be the key human asset in the age of AI.

The concentration of power with AI platform owners could lead to significant societal changes.

Democratization of power through AI technologies like drones can empower individuals.

Mo emphasizes the importance of teaching machines ethical frameworks to guide their actions.

Human behavior influences machine learning, so ethical treatment of others is crucial.

Mo calls for action in the short term and optimism in the long term regarding AI's impact.