The BEST Way to Summarize Anything With GPT-4o

The AI Advantage
4 Jun 202406:10

TLDRThis video tutorial from 2024 offers an improved method for summarizing text using GPT-4o, a large language model. It introduces a refined summarization prompt and an advanced technique from a 2023 research paper, demonstrating how to get concise and targeted summaries. The video covers summarizing a Wikipedia article about Brazil, explaining how to use role-play and audience targeting to tailor the summary. It also details four 'building blocks' to enhance the prompt, including tone, goal specification, length control, and direct quotes. The most advanced method, 'chain of density prompting,' iteratively compresses the summary for maximum information density. The video concludes with alternative summarization options, such as using the new browsing function, uploading files, images, or documents from cloud storage, and suggests storing the chain of density prompt for easy access.


  • 😀 The video introduces an improved summarization prompt and an advanced technique for summarizing text using a large language model like GPT-40.
  • 📝 The speaker plans to create weekly tutorials on specific prompting techniques for large language models.
  • 🔍 The demonstration uses a Wikipedia article about Brazil to illustrate the summarization process.
  • 📑 A basic method of summarization involves copying text and asking for a summary, but a more effective approach is suggested.
  • 🎯 An improved summarization prompt includes assigning a role, such as 'secretary,' and specifying the target audience for tailored results.
  • 📝 The improved prompt asks for a summary in bullet points, which can be adjusted based on the user's needs.
  • 🧩 Four 'building blocks' are introduced to further refine the summarization: tone, goal, length, and direct quotes.
  • 🔄 The 'chain of density' technique from a 2023 research paper is highlighted as a method to create a concise summary by iteratively compressing information.
  • 📈 The chain of density prompt involves multiple iterations, with later versions often providing a more fact-dense summary.
  • 🛠️ Additional summarization options include using the new browsing function, uploading files, images, or documents from cloud storage.
  • 🗂️ The video concludes with suggestions on how to store and access the chain of density prompt for future use.

Q & A

  • What is the main purpose of the video?

    -The main purpose of the video is to demonstrate improved summarization techniques for text using a large language model, specifically focusing on a better prompt method and an advanced technique published in a research paper.

  • What role does the 'target audience' play in the improved summarization prompt?

    -The 'target audience' in the improved summarization prompt helps tailor the summary to the specific interests and needs of a particular group, such as a YouTube creator focused on history videos.

  • Why might someone choose to summarize text in five bullet points?

    -Summarizing text in five bullet points can make the information more digestible and easier to work with, especially when dealing with lengthy AI summaries.

  • What are the four building blocks mentioned in the script that can be added to the summarization prompt?

    -The four building blocks are tone, goal, length, and direct quotes. They can be used to further refine and customize the summary according to the user's needs.

  • How does the style of an 11-year-old simplify the summaries?

    -Using the style of an 11-year-old helps to create simpler summaries that are more understandable to a general audience, making complex information more accessible.

  • What is the 'chain of density prompting' technique mentioned in the research paper?

    -The 'chain of density prompting' technique is a method for summarizing text where the model starts with a summary and then iteratively compresses it while adding more information, resulting in a more fact-dense summary.

  • What is the significance of the number of bullet points or words specified in the advanced summarization prompt?

    -Specifying the number of bullet points or words helps control the length and detail level of the summary, allowing the user to get a concise version of the information they need.

  • How does the new browsing function in the large language model work?

    -The new browsing function allows users to share a link, and the model automatically uses the web browser to access and summarize the content, providing a more concise result than just using the language model alone.

  • What are some alternative methods to copy-pasting text for summarization?

    -Alternative methods include using the new browsing function to share a link, uploading files such as PDFs, uploading images of text, and directly uploading documents from cloud storage services like Google Drive or OneDrive.

  • How can the 'chain of density prompting' technique be stored for easy access?

    -The technique can be stored in a prompt organizer or turned into a GPT command for quick access, eliminating the need for a paid app and allowing for easy summarization within chat GPT or other language models.



📚 Advanced Summarization Techniques for Large Language Models

The video script introduces viewers to advanced methods for summarizing text using large language models like GPT. The host begins by expressing the need for better summarization prompts and promises to demonstrate an improved approach and an advanced technique from a research paper. The script outlines a basic method of copying text from a Wikipedia article and using a simple 'summarize this' prompt, which the host admits to not using due to a more effective extended version. The improved prompt includes assigning a role to the AI, such as a secretary, and specifying the target audience to tailor the summary. The host also introduces four 'building blocks' to further refine the prompt: tone, goal, length, and direct quotes. The script then transitions to the most advanced technique, the 'chain of density prompting,' which iteratively compresses and enriches the summary. The host demonstrates the effectiveness of this method using the example of summarizing Brazil's Wikipedia article.


🔍 Exploring Alternatives for Text Input in Summarization

In the second paragraph, the script discusses alternative methods for inputting text into the AI for summarization. The host mentions the new browsing function that allows users to share a link, which the AI can use to automatically summarize content without the need for manual copying and pasting. The script also covers uploading files, such as PDFs, for summarization, and the possibility of uploading images containing text, although this method is noted as less preferable due to limitations in text extraction. The host highlights the convenience of using cloud storage services like Google Drive or OneDrive to upload documents directly. The paragraph concludes with advice on storing the 'chain of density' prompt for easy access and a mention of a playlist with additional AI skills tutorials.




Summarization refers to the process of condensing a larger piece of text into a shorter form while retaining the key points. In the context of the video, summarization is the primary technique being discussed, with the aim of improving the way people interact with AI to generate concise and relevant summaries. The script mentions an 'improved summarization prompt' and an 'advanced technique' as methods to achieve better summarization results.


GPT-40 is a hypothetical advanced version of a large language model, likely a successor to GPT-3, which is used in the video to demonstrate summarization techniques. The script suggests that the methods shown will work not only with GPT-40 but also with any other large language model, indicating the general applicability of the techniques discussed.

💡Prompting Tutorials

Prompting tutorials are instructional guides that teach users how to interact with AI systems using specific prompts or commands to elicit desired responses. The video script mentions that people enjoy these tutorials, and the speaker plans to create one per week, focusing on different techniques for interacting with large language models.

💡Wikipedia Article

A Wikipedia article is an example of a text source used in the video to demonstrate the summarization process. The script describes how to copy text from a Wikipedia article on Brazil and use it as input for the AI summarization process, highlighting the practical application of the technique.

💡Target Audience

The target audience refers to the specific group of people for whom the content is intended. In the script, the speaker suggests customizing the AI's response by defining the target audience, such as a 'YouTube Creator focused on history videos,' to tailor the summary to the audience's interests and needs.

💡Bullet Points

Bullet points are a way to present information in a list format, making it easier to read and understand. The video script recommends using bullet points for summarization, allowing the AI to provide a concise list of key elements from the text, which is particularly useful for quick comprehension.

💡Advanced Technique

An advanced technique in the context of the video refers to a sophisticated method or approach for achieving a task, such as summarization. The script introduces a research paper's technique that has not been widely covered, suggesting that it offers a superior way to summarize text using AI.


Tone refers to the attitude or mood conveyed in a piece of writing or speech. The script suggests specifying the tone when prompting the AI, such as 'in the style of an 11-year-old,' to achieve a simpler and more universally understandable summary.


A goal in this context is a specific aspect or time period the user is interested in, which the AI should focus on when summarizing. For example, if a user is only interested in the 16th century, they can specify this goal in their prompt to tailor the summary to their needs.

💡Chain of Density Prompting

Chain of Density Prompting is a technique mentioned in a research paper from 2023 and highlighted in the video. It involves a series of prompts that iteratively refine and compress the summary, aiming to increase the density of information in a concise format. The script provides an example of how to use this technique with the AI for advanced summarization.

💡Browsing Function

The browsing function is a feature that allows the AI to access and summarize content directly from a provided link, without the need for manual copying and pasting. The script mentions that even free users can utilize this function to streamline the summarization process by sharing a link to an article.

💡File Upload

File upload is the process of submitting a document, such as a PDF, to the AI for summarization. The script explains that users can upload files directly to the AI, which then reads and summarizes the content, offering a convenient way to handle documents without manual text extraction.

💡Image Upload

Image upload refers to the ability to submit an image containing text, such as a photograph of a printed article, to the AI for summarization. While the script notes that this method is less preferable due to text limitations, it still offers a way to include images as a source for summarization.

💡Google Drive

Google Drive is a cloud storage service mentioned in the script as a method for directly uploading documents from the drive to the AI for summarization. This integration allows users to access and summarize their stored documents without downloading them first.


Introduction of an improved summarization prompt and an advanced technique for text summarization using GPT-4o.

The importance of creating a weekly prompting tutorial to teach specific techniques for interacting with large language models.

Demonstration of summarizing a Wikipedia article on Brazil using basic copy-paste method.

Explanation of an enhanced summarization prompt that includes a target audience and a role for the AI.

The use of bullet points to simplify AI summaries and make them more manageable.

Introduction of four building blocks to further improve the summarization prompt: tone, goal, length, and direct quotes.

Example of a full summarization prompt incorporating all building blocks for a more tailored summary.

Comparison of different summarization results using the enhanced prompt versus the basic method.

Introduction of a research paper technique called 'GPT4 summarization with chain of density prompting'.

Description of the chain of density prompting method that iteratively refines the summary.

The process of using the chain of density prompt with the Brazil Wikipedia article.

Highlighting the differences and improvements in the summaries produced by the chain of density method.

Discussion on the versatility of the summarization technique for various types of content.

Mention of new browsing function in GPT that allows for summarizing content from shared links.

Explanation of how to upload files for summarization, such as PDFs, directly into GPT.

Introduction of the option to upload images containing text for summarization, though noted as less preferable.

Advantage of using Google Drive or OneDrive to upload documents directly for summarization.

Recommendation to store the chain of density prompt in a prompt organizer or as a GPT for easy access.

Emphasis on the ability to perform summarization within GPT without the need for paid apps.

Invitation to learn more AI techniques through a created playlist of instructional videos.